Monday, January 12, 2015

The Diary of a Young Girl 2

Now this post is dedicated to what I learnt from the book!

Geography
First I learnt where Holland was exactly and I hope I don't forget it in the future. That their language is called Dutch and the people are also Dutch and that sometimes Holland is used in general for The Netherlands but North Holland and South Holland are actually two provinces of The Netherlands. Didn't know that!
And since I am very poor in Geography, I decided to look up certain places and came to know some new stuff and also brushed up on the old.
Amsterdam is the capital of 'The Kingdom of Netherlands' but the government sits in The Hague.
Also, I didn't know where exactly Belgium, Denmark and Norway were but I now attach a picture or two so I don't forget.

Netherlands and its neighbours!



Holland in Netherlands


Also wanted to find out the maximum area which was under Axis control when they were at their peak:

Basically all the black and grey areas!

Communism and Socialism
Secondly, I looked up the difference between communism and socialism because before now, I could think of the same ideology for both. This is what I found out, in short.
Turns out they both are similar. Communism is actually an extreme form of socialism. Any capitalist society would first become a socialist one and then a communist one if changes were to take place.
Socialism is when the productive machinery is commonly owned and the production decisions can be made by the government or the markets. The surplus is distributed on the basis of a worker's contribution - 'according to his deeds'. Profits are to be divided amongst the peoples in addition to their wages. It seeks to maximize surplus so that each can have more private property than before. It is an economic system whose main proponents include Karl Marx, Albert Einstein, George Bernard Shaw, Friedrich Engels etc.
Communism on the other hand means that the the productive machinery is jointly owned, by the government but there is free market at all. Thus, all decisions are taken by the planning process. Workers are compensated according to their 'needs'. Collective output to be redistributed equally. This means that this ideology depends on the production of surplus. No private property.It is a political system which propagates one party system. Proponents include Karl Marx, Friedrich Lenin,  Vladimir Lenin etc.
Further reading:
http://www.diffen.com/difference/Communism_vs_Socialism
http://www.marxmail.org/faq/socialism_and_communism.htm


Literary Stuff
Also googled Otto Frank. This is when I discovered how everyone's name was a pseudonym.

Special mention of these entries because of their insight into human nature. Oh well, I like to believe it.
20th March, 1944 and sometime later - When she and her sister exchange letters, it just shows how sometimes written communication is easier and much more truthful. Also, she mentions somewhere this time around that for a relation to go stronger, to achieve any level of intimacy, confidence has to be extended by both the parties. Umm, maybe like a give and take of thoughts and secrets! She also says if she trusts people, she wouldn't want them hanging around her all the time. I wonder if it means what I think it means.. But then it can't be true!
11th May 1944 - How busy people should really be with so many resources at their disposal. Like seriously. She was up to so much with what she had. I feel bad about wasting my time. 
14th June 1944 - People who are more closed up need people to talk to. Her exact words were - "..I know from experience (even though I'm constantly being accused of  knowing all there is to know in theory, but not in practice) that in time, even the most uncommunicative types will long as much, or even more, for someone to confide in." Also, it contributes to my one person theory.


Vocabulary
flatulence - fancy term for fart
variegated - colourful, spotted or streaked with colour.
supercilious - arrogantly superior, haughty
virulent - hostile to the point of being venomous, also infectious
reprisals - retaliation (kind of knew this!)
lyceum - school between elementary school and college, also hall designed for lectures or concerts
excision - deletion of some text during editing
emigration and immigration - Emigration is leaving one's native country to settle in another country. Immigration is to come into another country to live permanently. Thus, emigrations is the same as immigration but from the perspective of the country of origin.

Oh I left out all the life lessons because well, no preaching there. Plus, its so subjective.
So, that's it for today! :)

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